“The rooster crows immediately before sunrise.
Therefore, the rooster causes the sunrise.”
This is obviously incorrect, and in logic terminology, is a ‘post hoc fallacy’, that is:
- A occurred, then B occurred.
- Therefore, A caused B.
When B is undesirable, this pattern is often extended to the inverse: Avoiding A will prevent B.
For those who like to think logically, it is worthwhile to learn the terminology – to improve the ability to identify and then deal with situations where others make logical fallacies.