Underemployment – where a job is insufficient in some important way for a worker.

Unemployment – actively searching for a job and unable to find work.

Examples of underemployment:

  • holding a part-time job despite desiring full-time work,
  • overqualification – where the employee has education, experience, or skills beyond the requirements of the job.

“Research on underemployed… tells us that…

…those who are underemployed for as little as nine months…

…tend to be more depressed and less motivated than their peers – than even their unemployed peers.”

(Dubious) Source: The Times (2008) Stop-gap jobs rob graduates of ambition

In other words, take active steps to avoid roles that undervalue or underutilize your skills and capabilities.